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Emergent Design 演化設計

看板方法: 科技企業漸進變革成功之道

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今天要介紹看板方法的由來, 上面這本書是由看板方法之父 David J. Anderson 於: 2010年 4月所著。簡字版是 2014 年2月出版。這篇文章在我上 TechDays 課程時就想登出來了,想把好書介紹給大家。但由於台灣的書商都沒有進口,所以一直等到我拿到第一批書後,肯定大家可以在坊間買到書時才把他登出來。原文書名: Kanban: Successful Evolutionary Change for Your Technology Business.


它是敏捷陣營中實施起來阻力最小,生產力又能大幅提升、前置時間大幅下降,而可預測性又絕佳的敏捷解決方案之一。好神奇喔 … 哈哈! 確實如此,所以我才會這麼急切的推薦給大家。另一個原因是Kanban Method 現在在美國正熱烈風行中,而我們現在開始追正是時候。為此放下了許多手上正在做的工作(包括一本 Scrum的教本),努力開始推廣希望大家能受用。首先說明: 為何他推廣起來阻力最小?

※ 實施起來阻力最小:

因為David J. Anderson 本身是一個微軟的 PM出身,他跟大家一樣知道變革會讓許多人害怕,人們會認為自己的技術是否落伍了,開始擔心害怕變革會對自己的工作事業帶來不利,這種恐懼常常會帶來一種莫名的對立,因此在還沒開始變革之前就已經採取抵制的態度了。所以他創始的看板方法選擇從哪裡開始實施呢? 就從現在既有的流程開始。由工作者本身最熟悉的地方開始。起步的秘訣是甚麼呢? 是精實精神中從豐田系統中學來的原則,先從不浪費開始,作法: 在識別浪費後消除浪費

※ 如何能讓生產力大幅提升?

由審視既有流程,依據 Little’s law的最大產出方法,接著找出阻礙最大產能的瓶頸所在,然後正視這個造成瓶頸的問題,把它顯現在看板上面,讓大家一起站在看板前面討論如何解決它,解決之後再持續進行改善的作業。

※ 前置時間大幅下降

過去我們都以為唯有透過良好的規劃及配合才能夠讓前置作業時間下降,但豐田企業的及時(Just In Time)備料讓庫存降至最低,讓半成品減至最少改變了工作流程的前置時間(Lead time),因此得到大幅下降。

看板還是看板方法 (Kanban or Kanban Method)

英文叫 Kanban,上網去搜尋會得到一大堆有關製造業的看板資料。所以請使用 Kanban Method去搜尋,因此中文就該叫做「看板方法」。簡體版的作者有用心在翻譯因此翻對了,值得買來閱讀。全書分成四部分:

※ 第一部分;導讀:  作者說出他的想法,以及創作看板方法的原由。

※ 第二部分;談使用看板方法的好處:  這裡有他個人做顧問時的經驗談,值得仔細閱讀。

※ 第三部分;開始談實施看板方法的步驟了。(由六到十五章,好長又夠完整)

※ 第四部分;談持續改進。在這裡你終於可以感受到精實軟體開發對作者的影響,以及作者由經濟學的角度來看精實軟體開發的第一原則: 消除浪費



Written by ruddyllee

2014 年 09 月 30 日 於 15:09:20

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